Italy has a strict policy on real estate agents. Each one needs to be registered with the camera di commercio, or chamber of commerce in their locality. The local commune will provide a certificate ensuring that the person is registered. Of course there are unlicensed agents but if you find a reputable agency, you can be assured that many have gone through a set of qualification checks. Each person is different though. If you find that your agent seems lazy or uninterested in what you are looking for, doesn’t ask specific enough questions, and pushes their own interests on you, you should switch agents or agencies altogether. Again, this market is supposedly regulated by Italian laws so you’ll be aware of who is and isn’t on your side when working with them. Not only are they required to hold a certification, register, and have indemnity insurance, but they also typically have deposits of the sellers and the buyers. This will insure the safety of the transaction so the seller is not able to just run off with your money.
Added fees and commission
Agents work on commissions of varying sizes. You should be sure to check beforehand how much the fee is for the property you plan to buy. Some fix their costs as around €2,500 for €50,000 properties or €12,000 on larger properties around €300,000 or more. However, some also work with percentages, around 3%–6% of the property selling price. The commissions are split 50/50 with the buyer and seller. Normally, cheaper properties have a higher fee percentage. Agents can also charge fees for other things such as visits without you present or showing the property multiple times before buying, even utility setup. It’s best to check before about these additional fees, commission pricing, and timing of payments. It may be upon completion of the sale but often, agents may require their fee payments during the preliminary contract phase. Be sure this is refundable if something goes wrong! Many times Italian agents work with foreign agents and fees are split between them so you typically don’t need to pay more when working with a foreign agent versus directly with an Italian one.
Foreign or local estate agents
Some Italian agents work to make themselves known abroad as well, especially if they speak good English or have English speaking employees to work on their behalf. If you don’t speak Italian, it is very possible to still go directly to an Italian agency if you would like to purchase property. However, Italians in general are known for being relaxed and taking their time. Their life is not their work, which is very opposite of some other western cultures. They many times see foreign buyers and think they must be rich. Therefore, some may try to inflate prices. If you know someone local and are very much able to trust them, it may be best to consult with them and deflect price negotiations to them. Sometimes foreign agents can run a bit more expensive if there are many players involved in the process but it all depends on how you start the process in the beginning. Just be careful and stay aware. Also, make sure to be well aware of property costs in the area. If a price seems normal to you, it could very well be that that that area is typically much cheaper. Just do your homework before trusting exactly what agents will tell you.
There is no national database of properties in Italy so local agents may be working with a portfolio full of friend’s properties, meaning that your interests are probably of third priority. First themselves, then the friend, then you. Also many agents are quite competitive and are secretive with many properties in order to avoid competition getting wind of things that could hurt their business or lead to stolen customers.
If you want to buy from a private owner, you will need to speak Italian or hire a good translator that is mother tongue Italian or your specific language of choice. It’s a shame because it does eliminate many properties from foreign buyers. However, the market has plenty of options regardless. To search for agents in specific locals, search ‘agenzie immobiliari’ in the internet. However, there are also national franchises and and companies that offer easy search ability in specific regions or areas.
No matter how you go about buying your property, it’s just best to be aware at all times to avoid being taken advantage of in any way. Real Estate agents in Italy can be a tricky thing, but like anywhere, it’s good to trust your instincts. Happy house hunting!